How will Municipal Solid Waste Evolve In The Near Future?
Small gasification devices like the PowerCan® 200 are game changing for the Municipal Waste [MSW] Industry, firstly because sorted MSW is converted into energy or fuel where it is created and secondly because it means no landfill waste is created beyond the source. Everything else which is not MSW waste is recycled. Clean sorted MSW fibre is a source of feedstock to create energy and transportation fuels MSW and biomass combined in a displaced energy grid can provide all the Energy security we ever needed.
What Is The Potential For Small Scale Gasification Of MSW?
There is already a huge potential for small scale gassification for commercial and public businesses. Since 2012 MSW and collection companies have been able to force selective sorting on commercial businesses the cost of solid waste disposal is now critical and building operators are very much motivated towards onsite WtE solutions.
In future and as licensed waste disposal companies increase their monopolies high costs and improved WE education residential communities all over the EU will come on line as reliable sources for sorted MSW fibre feedstock.
What Is “WE”?
WE is “Waste Etiquette” it is a term used to describe a societies level of sophistication towards proper waste sorting and disposal and its environmental impact. Household MSW is still most unsuitable for gasification in many countries in Europe because it is not properly sorted at source waste is discarded dirty unsorted or mixed with industrial and other non food safe contaminants we describe these societies as “Unsophisticated WE Nations”.
How Does Education Improve WE?
Simply by educating a population about WE new trends emerge, the population better sorts waste for recycling out of habit and waste is ready to become extinct at source. A good example of WE is recycling glass before it it sent to the waste station. Simply pulling the ears up on aseptic cartons making flat and sealing the top, or squeezing the air from plastic bottles and replacing the top air tight or even getting into the habit of throwing away cardboard packaging flat. These simple WE measures can save many New EU Nations up to 20% of today’s landfill. It takes around 20 years to inspire good WE and the European Union sees money is well spent with better focus on Education
Why Does WE Promote A Washed Flat Pack Solution?
Discarded flat packaging discourages methane which occurs inside packaging as it decomposes. Methane is five times more harmful to the environment than CO2. A reduced surface area at landfill reduces CO2 emissions, throwing away garbage washed and clean further reduces the risks of methane. WE and its benefits are self evident as some Central European nations are still paying a heavy premium for the sorting and destruction of waste through lack of WE whilst the most advanced WE nations are enjoying better environment lower energy and waste disposal cost.
How Will WE Sophistication Change The European WtE Outlook Beyond 2020?
MSW fibre has become a valuable resource for sophisticated WE nations. MSW fibre now offers a local solution to both waste and energy production. Until WE sophistication in Central European culture raises to meet that of other Nations in the region domestic MSW fibre will not be suitable for small gasification projects that benefit the local community. However within 10-15 years the cost of waste to the public will be so high the energy supply chain for small scale gasification will make landfill and large scale waste destruction plants extinct as waste to energy projects becomes the cost competitive solution at every local level.
How does WE education pay?
SOLIDEA Group have been studying Renewable Energy solutions from the the Municipal Solid Waste Industry with representatives in many Countries around the world. By studying underlying WE in regions and emerging economies in the world WE demonstrates distinct value added benefits to society. We can easily see the effects of WE in advanced countries like Sweden where environmental and WE education started several generations ago and educating WE reponsibilty at a young age. The result, clean readily sorted municipal solid waste resource is available at source and when bulk handled demonstrates to be a true commodity.
How Does MSW Figure In The New Energy Economy?
Sweden actually buys in MSW from its neighbors as it has become so efficient at bulk handling MSW fibre and other feedstock for the clean waste to energy industry. Shortages of MSW fibre feedstock result in Sweden importing from Norway and from the more WE evolving economies such as Bulgaria and even some African Nations.
How is CO2 unnecessarily embedded into MSW?
Transportation of MSW fiber to large plants outside of cities creates more CO2 simply by embedding the CO2 into the MSW life cycle through transportation. By making waste extinct locally and producing energy and heat at the source much CO2 is reduced. CO2 is unnecessarily created by producing large caches of waste.
How does poor WE effect society?
The recycling of plastic bottles for example in centralized plants hundreds of kilometers away from their disposal is an excellent example of poor WE the unnecessary embedding of CO2 by transporting large distances. Poor WE creates much more cost and achieves very little when we consider plastics are very high BTU feedstock which can be converted into energy locally without emissions using small scale gasification.
How Does The PowerCan® 200 Figure in the MSW Road Map of the Future?
The PowerCan® 200 was devised as a compatible power pack for large commercial shopping centres, hypermarkets, hospitals and resort hotels as well as public buildings, parks, stadiums and transport systems. Gasification on large scale has yet to demonstrate profitable or an efficient method of converting free waste into low cost energy.
What Does CHP Produce and How Can It Be Best used?
Small scale gasification like The PowerCan® 200 converts waste into energy using local MSW waste or importing more local waste such as biomass, in the CHP process typically 60% heat is generated and with 40% electricity so placing CHP plants further away from heat users than necessary is poor economically. The PowerCan® 200 is conveniently located at the source of the waste it reduces the CO2 footprint of the installation generating the waste.
Can Small Scale Gasification Do What Large Scale Plasma Plants Do?
Gasification requires the strict control of feedstock to reliably produce low cost electricity and heat. Waste from hospitals such as MSW are strictly controlled and even food safe. If strict controls were not in place in hospitals a significant threat would occur to those sick or working in the hospital. Hazardous waste from hospitals is less than 3% of the total waste of a typical hospital. This 3% of the total waste is specially handled and sealed there are no benefits to adding it to MSW at the sorting station for destruction. Large scale plasma plants need to operate at very high temperature because they cannot control feedstock and need to treat all waste as hazardous. The process at large scale reactor is fraught with problems and often consumes more energy than they supply.
Does PowerCan® 200 Use Plasma To Convert MSW?
PowerCan® 200 uses electric arc to make MSW fibre extinct in the same way as it does biomass this produces low cost dirty “producer gas” we then use the GlidArc Plasma device to clean the producer gas Plasma produces much more syngas and it is very clean.
MSW fibre is almost all paper, foodscraps and other ideal feedstock for gasification wich is done without plasma. Gasification differs from pyrolisis there is no char the ash left over in the PowerCan® 200 process is clean every feedstock is food safe so there is nothing in the ash that could be described as having any negative impact on the environment. The producer gas from the gasification chamber is dirty and it is fed through a dust cyclone to the very energy efficient GlidArc plasma gas cleaning device which creates very clean syngas.
How Does The Extinction of MSW Fibre Feedstock Impact the Environment?
The PowerCan® 200 research and development team continue to publish their findings to promote inevitable clean local waste solutions, onsite local energy solutions, zero landfill and to achieve a displaced power grid, local, national and regional power security through promoting the gasification of MSW fibre feedstock as a commodity not a waste. By segregating clean sources of MSW from other industrial waste very much CO2 is reduced. In futrure clean synthetic fuels can be derived from small scale gasification networks to produce a much cleaner environment.
What Does MSW Fibre Look Like Before It Becomes Gasification Feedstock Or A Fuel?
Commercial Spun MSW fibre is combed in the process of cutting and expanding this material is the residual from MSW sorting at the source of the waste. The spun MSW fibre is forced through a ring die pelletizing machine which creates a regular MSW fibre pellet. The MSW fibre pellet can be used on site or traded for extinction elsewhere as an emission free fuel. Some European retail shopping centres can produce more than 4 tons of MSW fibre pellet per day
How can we safeguard Municipal Solid Waste as a resource?
Small scale gasification systems like The PowerCan® 200 create change for the transition of MSW from being a burden to being a commodity. The flow chart below demonstrates how small scale gasification can impact the transition to the New Energy Economy and finally treating MSW at its source. Bulgaria, Germany and elsewhere already commenced the packaging of sorted MSW reserving it as a commodity for future gasification. This has already paid a dividend as Sweden and other economies import MSW fibre from Bulgaria and Germnay. The resources demonstrated in the flow chart represent millions of Euros of commodity feedstock reserved to produce energy and heat in future